How Vinyl Floor Tiles Are Made
Vinyl flooring is popular because it offers plenty of benefits. Today, vinyl flooring comes in plenty of designs that mimic the real thing. It is a great choice for the wet areas of a home such as bathrooms and kitchens since it is completely waterproof.
The latest trends mimic the natural look and texture of wood and stone. Vinyl floor tiles are resilient so they last longer. This makes them appropriate for use in areas with heavy traffic. If laid correctly, they do not require a lot of maintenance.
Basics of Vinyl
The flooring is primarily made with polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Other compounds may be added to suit your preferences of colour, hardness, and flexibility. First, manufacturers suspend vinyl in liquid. The result is a mixture that you can spread in a thin layer. It is dried using heat and air to form a sheet. These sheets are cut in the desired sizes to form vinyl tiles. Vinyl composition tiles (VCT) have synthetic binders and fillers.
Both solid vinyl and VCT are durable because of their homogenous composition. However, their appearance is limited to block patterns and colours that are introduced by coloring agents during the liquid plastic stage. Manufacturers use modern printing technology and layered heterogeneous construction to achieve the design that vinyl flooring is most noted for. Foam plastisol is mostly used for layered construction. The layer used is usually an average of 25mils in thickness. It is bonded to a felt backing made with fibrous components that are used for papermaking. Clay and limestone may also be used. Your floor maker will use a plastic binder to hold them together. They then print a decorative pattern on a thin vinyl coating that covers the core layer. A vinyl layer is added on top to prevent wear and tear from abrasion.
The Great Mimic
One of the most impressive features of vinyl flooring is that it can be made to look like other materials. Printing technology makes this possible. Rotogravure printing uses photoengraved plates to come up with realistic images. It can be used to attain images of masonry, wood, stone, or tile. Adding colour and patterns to the upper coating may help increase visual depth. Your floor maker will add designs and images to help you get the desired look. Making some adjustments during the drying process may have an influence on the texture. Mechanical embossing may be used to improve flat patterns of stone and brick.
Vinyl flooring is a great choice because it does not lead to the release of any hazardous materials into the environment. The waste products from the flooring are easy to recycle during the manufacturing process. In the past, heavy metal pigments and stabilisers were used. However, they have now been replaced with new ones which are safe for the environment. The industry is looking at new ways to use vinyl waste. The basic components of vinyl flooring include polyvinyl chloride resins, trace stabilisers, plasticises, and a carrier sheet.
If you are looking for vinyl tiles in the UK, consider buying from Flooring Supplies Direct. We are a great choice for carpet tiles, vinyl tiles, vinyl flooring and safety flooring throughout the UK. You can make purchases through our website online and our services are reliable.